St. Paul, MN (February 17, 2019) —UK precision plastic injection moldings and assembly solutions company, OGM utilized the latest hybrid metal additive manufacturing technology, the Matsuura LUMEX Technology, to build breathable injection mold cores in two days.
Breathable injection mold tool inserts are generally used to prevent gas traps and assist material flow in filling mold tools. Typically, these can be manufactured using specialized materials such as Porcerax. However, production of these can be time consuming and expensive. By their nature they can become blocked and fail, requiring costly manufacture of replacement parts. This was just the problem faced by a customer when their breathable injection mold tool insert needed replacement. They were quoted a four-week lead time and a cost of over $2,500, for material, machining and finishing using EDM (electro-discharge machining).
The customer turned to OGM for a solution. Using their innovative Hybrid Metal Additive Manufacturing process, they were able to design and build a replacement breathable mold tool insert in just two days, at a cost that was considerably lower than that previously quoted.
Metal additive manufacturing; injection mold tool-making OGM’s investment in the Matsuura LUMEX Avance-25 metal additive and machining technology, combined with their continually developing expertise in this emerging field, results in an innovative solution for producing plastic injection mold tooling.
OGM’s Matsuura LUMEX Hybrid metal additive manufacturing combines the latest laser metal additive technology with conventional CNC machining in a single, integrated system. Intricate parts can therefore be formed in a wide range of metals, which finishing taking place during the manufacturing process.
Hybrid Metal Additive Manufacturing and machining is an extremely effective method of creating conformal cooled injection mold tool inserts.
Inserts traditionally produced through machining and EDM contain straight cooling paths. Conformal cooled inserts produced in our process incorporate complex curved, shaped or spiral cooling channels. These can easily be formed in small, narrow or awkwardly-shaped inserts.
The result is a new generation of mold tools, with consistent and accurate cooling across the entire forming area, even within small or awkwardly shaped pockets. In turn, this eliminates many of the problems of distortion and poor part quality, which are traditionally associated with inefficient cooling.
Efficient injection mold cooling is essential to achieving short cycle times and high-quality parts. However, creating the more effective conformal style of cooling channels, particularly within complex shaped molds, can be challenging.
Speed is of the essence in the production of injection molded components. Manufacturers need to get their designs from concept to production as quickly as possible so that time-to-market targets can be met. Molders also need to achieve the shortest possible part production cycle times to maximize productivity and keep unit costs down.
The manufacture of mold tools suitable for the high-volume production of complex parts is a time-consuming process; lead-times of up to four months between design sign-off and first part production are not uncommon. Moreover, the performance of a tool – especially its ability to cool parts effectively prior to ejection – determines the cycle time, quality and overall productivity of the molding process.
Changing the shape of the fluid channels within the mold from straight lines to curves allows them to follow the part surfaces more closely, negotiate obstacles like ejector pins, and squeeze into inaccessible areas. This ‘conformal cooling’ approach has been around for a long time, but it is rarely used in production applications, as there is significant manufacturing complexity involved in building tools with such conformal cooling channels.
Using conventional subtractive machining, conformally cooled tools require molds to be created in laminations. The cooling channels are machined into the surface of these laminations, which are then stacked on top of each other to create the finished tool. The technique adds significant time and cost to the toolmaking process; it can also result in less durable tools and does not provide a solution for all part geometries.
More recently, additive manufacturing technologies have provided an alternative method of incorporating conformal cooling channels in plastic injection molds. Direct metal laser sintering, for example, allows the formation of complex shapes from powder metallic materials, enabling channels of almost any shape to be incorporated into a design; the process does have its drawbacks, however. It is costly and time consuming, for one, and the surfaces created are not smooth enough for the purposes of injection molding, requiring extensive secondary machining operations and adding further to costs and tool production lead times.
A new, fast hybrid approach
There is now a new technique which promises to overcome some of the barriers that have prevented the wider uptake of conformal cooling by the industry. Combining additive manufacturing and conventional CNC machining technologies, the Matsuura LUMEx Avance-25 now installed at OGM’s site near Oxford – and believed to be the first of its kind in the UK – builds steel mold tools complete with conformal cooling channels layer by layer using a laser.
As each layer is deposited, an automated secondary CNC machining process removes excess material to provide a dimensionally accurate, fine surface finish. The material produced by this process is hard enough (HRC 35) to meet the needs of many production applications without subsequent heat treatment; if required, a full range of textured or polished surface finishes can be applied using industry standard secondary processes.
Cooling channel designs are able to make optimal use of the capabilities offered by this process, to create parts dubbed ‘Conformal Cool Inserts’ by OGM. For example, as well as allowing cooling channels to take any route through the tool, the process also removes the necessity for those channels to be round. Elliptical, rectangular and even teardrop designs can maximize heat transfer for a variety of applications. Moreover, special ‘trip’ features can be incorporated within the channels to promote turbulent coolant flow which increases the heat transfer rate.
OGM says that its new approach allows customers to obtain steel tools suitable for high volume production in as little as four weeks, less than a third of the time required for conventional toolmaking. Furthermore, the technology developed to manufacture complex conformal cooling channels – which can significantly improve the in-mold cooling of complex parts – not only boosts part quality but can also cut molding cycle times by up to 20%.
OGM is currently taking this development forward with a variety of offerings, including custom-built inserts that can be incorporated into conventionally manufactured tools to address hard-to-cool areas, as well as a range of standard inserts, including ejector units with built-in cooling channels.
The ability to build complete mold tools – complete with complex cooling channel geometries and designs – in a one-hit automated process can lead to significant design-to-part lead-time reductions. Thanks to hybrid additive manufacturing, compelling commercial benefits are offered to companies operating in fast-moving, time-sensitive markets.
To discover more about OGM, please visit: www.ogm.uk.com
Matsuura Machinery USA, Inc., located in St. Paul, MN is the U.S. subsidiary of Matsuura Machinery Corporation in Japan. Since 1935, Matsuura has been the forerunner in designing innovative technology and manufacturing solutions to a variety of industries around the globe. Matsuura Machinery USA, Inc. delivers unmatched excellence in 5-axis, vertical, horizontal, linear motor, multi-tasking CNC machine tools and machines with a powder bed metal AM platform with machining capability. Matsuura Machinery USA, Inc. provides the service, applications and technical field support that have always been the Matsuura standard for business.
For more information on Matsuura LUMEX products, please contact: [email protected] or visit: www.matsuurausa.com.